Museum complex


Artist O.A.Kiprensky
Russian Empire, Saint Petersburg
Around 1824
Canvas, oil paints
252,0 х 204,0 cm
Receipt: as part of collection of Museum of Old Moscow, 1930
Showcase 2

This portrait was ordered as a pair to the portrait of Count Nicolas P.Sheremetev. It was painted in 1818–1819 by Vladimir L.Borovikovsky for the Strannopriimny House (Hospice) in Moscow, where both works were until 1921. Sheremetev is depicted in a Chevalier Guard Regiment uniform in the background of the enfilade of rooms of the second floor of the Sheremetev Palace (Fountain House).

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Dmitry N.Sheremetyev (1803–1871), son of Count Nikolai Petrovich Sheremetev and Praskovia Ivanovna Kovaleva (stage name Zhemchugova), former serf actress of the Sheremetev theatre. Representative of the richest noble family of Russia. Owner of 150 000 souls of serfs and several hundred thousands of tithes of land. In 1823 – the cornet of the Chevalier Guard Regiment, in 1825 a participant in the suppression of the uprising on the Senate square, a participant in the capture of Warsaw. In 1831 – Flügeladjutant. Since 1838 in the civil service in the Ministry of internal Affairs. Trustee of the Hospice. He donated huge sums to churches, gymnasiums, orphanages and St. Petersburg University.
In the noble society, military and civil service was associated with the service to society and Russia. Military service was considered to be mainly a duty for Noble families; civil was not as respected and prestigious in the public opinion. The only exception was the diplomatic service. Only in Alexander's time, with the development of system of state administrative institutions, the status of a state official constantly was increasing.