Museum complex

The Galich Treasure

The Turovskoe village, Galich parish, Kostroma vicegerency (present-day Kostroma region, Galich district)
The Bronze Age
Antiquities of the Seima-Turbino type
Bronze, copper
The idol is 14 cm x 6,4 cm; the mask is 4,8 x 3,3 cm; the animal figure is 9 x 2,8 cm; the dagger is 25,6 x 2,8 cm; the bead is 2,1 cm with the diameter of 0,8 cm; the bracelet diameter is 7,1 cm
From: discovered on March 23 1836 by peasants while the repairing of the dam of the watermill; later was brought to the museum
Showcase 11

The Galich treasure contains different items: details of shamans’ costume, a ceremonial dagger, zoomorphic and anthropomorphic figures. History divided the treasure to three parts, that nowadays are kept in three different museums: The Hermitage, the Galichmuseum in Kostroma region and in the State Historical Museum. The most magnificent part is presented in our museum and contains six items. The central item is a cooper figure of idol – a man in dancing pose or performing a ritual. Apparently the mask decorated with elements looking like lunulas or beasts ears is placed on his face. The treasure also contains another similar mask with a straight nose, hanging superciliums, deepened eye-pits and relief apples of eyes, a bit opened mouth. It is decorated with figures of animals at the top.
Other interesting items are a dagger, decorated with a snake in a slot of a handle and with its head in the bottom, and a figure of a pangolin or another fantastic beast with wide paws and short tail. Among the details of clothing and decorative items a small cylindrical bead with flower ornament and a bracelet of thin wire are presented. The analysis of these items allows to date these findings to the turn of the III-II millenniums BC and to identify them with tribes of nomadic graziersand metal-makers from a far region of the Nothern Asia in origin and connected to the antiquities of so-called Seima-Turbino sites.
Exhibits' purpose of use. The Galich treasure was some kind of pagan sacristy of an ancient shaman. Idols and figures of animals were probably spirits-assistants for the shaman that with other items helped him to perform his magical actions.