A cup with a lid presented to A.P.Butenev from a "Grateful Serbia and Prince Milos Obrenovic"
Apollinary P.Butenev (1787–1866), a Russian diplomat, an Ambassador to Constantinople in 1829–1843 and 1856–1858.
1834 indicated in the inscription was the time when Serbia, which was under Turkish rule for three and a half centuries, had achieved first important successes on its way to independence. Under pressure from Russia Turkey was finally forced to recognize autonomy of The Serbian Principality.
Russia tried to influence the situation of the Christian population of the Balkans under the control of Ottoman Empire since the XVIII Century. In 1774 under the terms of the Treaty of Kuchuk-Kainarji, as a result of a victorious war with the Ottoman Empire, Russia has ensured the right to protect the interests of the Orthodox population of Turkey. Almost all subsequent agreements between Russia and Ottoman Empire included articles concerning autonomies of the Christian provinces of the Ottoman Empire, including Serbia. Turkey, however, under the pressure of Russian troops forced to sign to these agreements was in no hurry to fulfill them.
Only in 1830 and 1833 according to agreements with Russia, the Sultan finally issued Firmans (Decrees) that provided autonomy to Serbia. Milos Obrenovic was proclaimed a Hereditary ruler of Serbia.
On February 1, 1834 in the National Assembly Prince Milos Obrenovich expressed his warmest gratitude to Russian government and Russian diplomacy, which influenced fateful for Serbia decision of the Ottoman Empire. At that time a commemorative cup on behalf of the grateful Serbia and Prince Milos Obrenovich was also presented to the Russian Ambassador and Plenipotentiary Minister in Constantinople Apollinary P.Butenev.